Migraines cannot be cured. The best that can be done is to prevent attacks as much as possible. This involves changing some of your habits and avoiding activities and objects that could trigger an attack.
Migraine triggers can be any object or form of activity such as stress, hormonal changes, diet and physical activities. Unfortunately, these triggers will be known only after they cause an attack. There is no definite list of triggers because it’s unique for every migraineur. Make a list and avoid these objects and activities if you can.
Having restless nights is a formula for a bad migraine attack. Be consistent with the time you go to bed and the time you wake up because a change in sleeping patterns can be a stress factor. Oversleeping can trigger migraines too.
Never skip meals. Long gaps between meals can also trigger an attack. Always follow a schedule and watch what you eat. Some food can trigger migraines if you have too little or too much of them. You should also watch your caffeine intake as it could also be a trigger. It would be safer if you can prepare your own food.
Migraineurs also require exercise but this should be done differently for every person. Intense exercises can be triggers as well. The purpose of exercise should be to manage weight and to learn muscle relaxation techniques.
Monitor Your Period
Some women have migraine attacks during their period. Keep track of your menstrual cycle. This will help you anticipate for the worst that can happen.
Don’t Stress Out
Stress can trigger an attack. This could be in the form of emotional, physical, and environmental stress. Some doctors advise keeping a migraine diary to record your daily activities. This could help pinpoint the triggers so you can avoid them in the future.
Prepare for Emergencies
Some attacks cannot be prevented. Always prepare for the worse. Keep your medicines handy. If you’re working at an office, look for places where you can relax or lie down during attacks and let people know you’re having an attack.
Educate Family Members
Family members need to know what it’s like for you so that it’s easier for them to understand that you should keep away from stress and other triggers. They will help in reminding you that you have a routine to follow when eating, exercising and sleeping. They could also assist you when an attack happens.
Let Co-Workers Know
If an attack happens while you’re working, it would be easier for you if someone knows your condition beforehand. They could assist you when you need to lie down somewhere or call emergency.
Consult A Doctor
Taking over-the-counter painkillers might not work for you. If you’re not careful, you might overdose or suffer from headaches caused by taking too much medication. The best thing to do is to consult a doctor about migraine management and medication.
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